2 edition of Dependence of the Soviet investment programme on imported machinery and equipment found in the catalog.
Dependence of the Soviet investment programme on imported machinery and equipment
East-West (Research & Advisory)
|Statement||prepared by East-West (Research & Advisory).|
|Series||Special study - East-West (Research & Advisory) ; no. 2/73|
|LC Classifications||HF3626.5 .E18 1973|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||60 leaves ;|
|Number of Pages||60|
|LC Control Number||76360184|
Part of the Studies in Soviet History and Society book series (SSHS) Abstract The evidence reviewed in the preceding five chapters suggests that imports of Western machinery and know-how over the past two decades or so have been neither a major nor, on the other hand, a negligibly small source of Soviet economic growth. This article is within the scope of WikiProject Soviet Union, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. Start This article has been rated as Start-Class on the project's quality scale.
Opportunities for equipment suppliers as SSA looks to step up manufacturing capacity. Countries across sub-Saharan Africa are actively seeking to reduce their dependence on food imports and grow local manufacturing, pointing to future demand for food and beverage processing machinery and equipment across the continent. limited, the dependence on foreign machinery, components and advanced equipment was still critical, as Russian analogues were non-existent. Prior to sanctions, Russia imported some different types of products and components from NATO countries.4 It .
The largest categories of imported manufactured goods are machinery and equipment (29 percent of the total); foods, 16 percent; and textiles and shoes, 13 percent. Foreign Investment. Foreign investment is the second major element of Russia's reform strategy to . in exchange for imports of "soft goods" (machinery, equipment, industria l consumer goods) at prices above wmp's, especially if account is taken of the relatively lower quality of Eastern European manufactures in compa-rison with their Western counterparts. "So the authors claim that implicit Soviet trade subsidies, defined as the oppor-.
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Soviet foreign trade played only a minor role in the Sovietfor example, exports and imports each accounted for only 4 percent of the Soviet gross national Soviet Union maintained this low level because it could draw upon a large energy and raw material base, and because it historically had pursued a policy of self-sufficiency.
While Soviet exports into Germany were a small percentage of Germany's imports, German exports into the Soviet Union made up 46% of total Soviet imports in At the time, the Soviets had little of interest to foreign buyers in general.
Another factor that slowed economic relations was the Soviet foreign trade monopoly of combining all transactions into a single government buyer.
cent of Soviet exports and 43 percent of Soviet imports in The European members ofComecon have looked to the Soviet Unionfor oil; in turn, they have provided machinery, equipment. The economy of the Soviet Union was based on state ownership of the means of production, collective farming, and industrial highly centralized Soviet-type economic planning was managed by the administrative-command Soviet economy was characterized by state control of investment, a dependence on natural resources, shortages, public ownership of industrial Currency: Soviet ruble (SUR).
The economy of Belarus is the world's 72nd-largest economy by GDP based on purchasing power parity (PPP), which in stood at $ billion, or $20, per capita.
As part of the former Soviet Union, Belarus had a relatively well-developed industrial base; it retained this industrial base following the break-up of the USSR, as well as a broad agricultural base and a high y group: Developing/Emerging, Upper.
The economy of Azerbaijan has completed its post-Soviet transition into a major oil based economy (with the completion of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline), from one where the state played the major transition to oil production led to remarkable growth figures as projects came online; reaching % in (second highest GDP growth in the world in only to Equatorial Guinea) and.
Russia - Russia - Manufacturing: Russia’s machine-building industry provides most of the country’s needs, including steam boilers and turbines, electric generators, grain combines, automobiles, and electric locomotives, and it fills much of its demand for shipbuilding, electric-power-generating and transmitting equipment, consumer durables, machine tools, instruments, and automation.
Foreign experts, especially American, supervising Soviet workers and engineers, set these plants into operation and then turned them over to Soviet managers; always fearful of dependence on the capitalist world, the Soviet leadership was struggling to avoid the import of manufactured goods by pursuing instead the adoption of the means of.
What I wish to do in this article is to draw the attention of open-minded Left-wing readers to the significant but little-known and highly-relevant fact that, for decades, Western capitalist technology sustained the failed economic experiment of Soviet Communism, rescuing it from the full consequences of its inherent systemic weaknesses until its final collapse in Amid the various anniversaries of the last year, one seems to have passed unnoticed.
It was just ten years ago that the Soviet Union embarked on its program of economic aid to neutralist countries. Beginning with a grain elevator and highway program in Kabul, Afghanistan, and the Bhilai Steel Mill in India, Soviet promises of aid mounted rapidly until they reached a peak of more than $1.
An example is the machinery, transport equipment sector, although its exports have increased (and the disadvantage decreased) over time.
However, most recently China has also developed a comparative advantage in capital-intensive sectors such as office machines (75), telecommunications and sound recording equipment (76), and electric machinery. The IFRS Foundation's logo and the IFRS for SMEs ® logo, the IASB ® logo, the ‘Hexagon Device’, eIFRS ®, IAS ®, IASB ®, IFRIC ®, IFRS ®, IFRS for SMEs ®, IFRS Foundation ®, International Accounting Standards ®, International Financial Reporting Standards ®, NIIF ® and SIC ® are registered trade marks of the IFRS Foundation, further details of which are available from the IFRS.
small set of countries supplying the basic food import, grain. The West supplied perhaps percent of the machinery component of Soviet investment in the late s or early s, with overall effects on growth that have been in dispute in Western studies.
However, in particular branches of industry and at particular times, Western. Independent sinceUzbekistan seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on agriculture while developing its gold, uranium and petroleum reserves.
Total investment growth moderated from % in to % inbut remained the main growth engine for the economy. SOVIET ASIAN-PACIFIC TRADE AND THE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOVIET FAR EAST.
Soviet Geography: Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. Inthe 'spinal year' of the first five-year plan, a vast investment programme began the transformation of the Soviet Union from a peasant country into a great industrial power.
This book, the third part of The Industrialisation of Soviet Russia, re-examines the breakdown of the mixed economy. Whatever the apparent success of Soviet communism, it did less well than Russian capitalism might have done.
The increased output achieved under the Communists was limited to steel, machinery, and military equipment. Consumption was driven down in the s to free resources for investment. The economy of Cuba is a largely planned economy dominated by state-run government of Cuba owns and operates most industries and most of the labor force is employed by the state.
Following the fall of the Soviet Union inthe ruling Communist Party of Cuba encouraged the formation of worker co-operatives and r, greater private property and free. distribution of soviet production of.
metalworklng machinery by types, especially the number of newer typen of machine tools being produced. 3- An adequate and precise definition of the Soviet metalforming machinery industry.
Information on the Soviet Inventory of metalforming machinery is fragmentary as regards both total quantity and types. The main import items for North Korea are petroleum, cooking coal, machinery, equipment, textiles, and grain.
More than 90% of the region's total. The United States' dependence on oil has long influenced its foreign policy. This timeline traces the story of U.S. oil development, and the resulting geopolitical competition and environmental.North Korea - North Korea - Economy: North Korea has a command (centralized) economy.
The state controls all means of production, and the government sets priorities and emphases in economic development. Sinceeconomic policy has been promulgated through a series of national economic plans. The early plans gave high priority to postwar reconstruction and the development of heavy.The COMECON member countries are completely dependent on the Soviet metropolis for raw materials, fuels, machinery, equipment and other important materials.
Thus, for example 90% of Czech imports of oil, iron ore and non-ferrous metals, 80% of food grains, over 60% of cotton, and over 60% of sulphur and various phosphorites, are of Soviet origin.